The elephant's trunk is a unique and very sensitive organ. It is used to smell, touch and grip.
African Elephants are the largest members of the elephant family and thus the largest land animals. They have four toes on their front feet and five on their hind feet. African Elephants live in large herds which are divided into smaller families. The eldest and largest female is the matriarch and leads the others on the endless quest for food and water. Elephants spend up to sixteen hours a day searching for grass, branches, fruit and creeping plants. Elephants have a rugged but flexible hide, a long trunk and two ivory tusks. They use their amazingly moveable trunk to communicate with one another through touch and smell. Elephant calves are suckled for up to five years. Elephant cows stay with their mother until they are ready to bear young themselves and start their own family. Calves stay with their mother for up to twelve years until they leave to join a "bachelor herd."
- Dimensions: 4.3" L x 7.5" W x 4.1" H
Asian elephants are not as large as their African relatives. In addition, they also have smaller ears.
These elephants never stay more than a few days in one place and have different habitants which are, however, always near thicket forests. Asian elephants live in family groups made up of two to ten elephants. Like with African elephants, the groups are led by an alpha female who makes sure that all members of the herd follow the group's rules. Experts think that elephants, thanks to their large brains, can empathize with other herd members and are able to retain information with ease such as the difference between individuals, memories of a drought or the location of good feeding grounds.
- Dimensions: 2.2" L x 5.3" W x 3.3" H